Valves of the prickly cupules of Beech
curling back to release the small triangular nuts
most of which were empty.
(East Sussex, summer 1986)
Small triangular Beech nuts
shed from the cupules - some
are sterile (empty) and some
fertile. (East Sussex, summer 1987)
The tree in the centre is laden
with fertile nuts but the tree on the left
has only empty nuts, its branches
remain more or less horizontal.
Closer shot showing drooping,
nut laden branches on right, and branches
with only sterile nuts on the left.
(Perthshire, late September 2014)
Branch with its prickly cupules still
closed but nearly ripe and ready for
singeing in the camp fire.
Cupules forced to open by singeing
in a camp fire and the slightly unripe,
roasted nuts are released ready to eat.
(East Sussex, September 2004)